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Suggesting solutions through merging the old with the new——Vice President Dr Wu Jiarui,SHANGHAI ADVANCED RESEARCH INSTITUTE, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Source:original    Writer:admin    Released on:2013-12-13    

  

SHANGHAI ADVANCED RESEARCH INSTITUTE, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Vice President Dr Wu Jiarui

 

 

 

 

Abstract:

 

 

You chaired the Health Industry Forum during the 2013 Pujiang Innovation Forum. What were the most interesting topics and main outcomes from the talks and discussions?

 

When we selected the topics for the Health Industry Forum, we were looking at two important priorities for society. First, the ageing society, as most developed countries and also China have more and more people living longer. Everyone wants to have a long life, but unfortunately there is a price to be paid through health degradation during the ageing process. Second, chronic

noncommunicable diseases are a big challenge in ageing populations for the healthcare systems of now and tomorrow. Previously, infectious diseases were the main threat to humanity, but now drugs, hospitals and vaccines in general have this problem largely under control. Due to this, and society and economies growing, people are living longer allowing biological effects to take hold. Therefore, cancer, Type 2 diabetes and neurodegenerative diseases are a growing problem worldwide. Treating chronic diseases is different from treating infection – there is no cure in general. Such diseases can be controlled, but usually life quality is severely inhibited. Hence, due to people requiring drugs and treatment for longer, this is a big issue for healthcare services and a heavy burden on governments. Because of this new situation, we need to think about what we have to do. Most importantly, we need to change our idea of what health and disease are. Maybe we need to not only focus on cures and developing drugs for people coming into hospital, but to care for people before disease occurs. For example, before Type 2 diabetes there is a pre-diabetes stage. At this stage, the blood glucose concentration is a little higher than normal; known as impaired glucose tolerance. Recently, Shanghai hospital researchers published a paper in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) which mentioned that China has 100 million people with Type 2 diabetes, but there might be about 500 million people in the prediabetes stage. Of course, we still need to have drugs to treat people with clinical diabetes, but we also have to concentrate more on the pre-diabetic population, because the pre-diabetes stage can still be reversed.

 

 

 

 

At the early pre-diabetes stage, should lifestyle changes be a priority for prevention?

 

Traditionally, we think about pharmaceutical companies developing drugs or next-generation medicine, but these efforts should be concentrated on later-stage clinical diabetes. I think a new industry should be created that concentrates on health as opposed to disease. In China, we think three major areas could constitute such a health industry: already think of eating not only as a matter of survival but also as a kind of treatment

 

 

 

 

More Information please clicks:

 

 t.cn/RvWywsA

 

 

(Sources from: Research Media, < PUJIANG INNOVATION FORUMDevelopment and the Role of Enterprises >)